How are interest rates for home loans decided?

How are interest rates for home loans decided?

Home loans | Jun 26, 2021 | 10 min read

Home loans have gradually become an essential part of the home buying process over the past two decades. Easy home loan sanctions and property verifications are enabling homebuyers to own their dream house. At present, there are a plethora of lenders who offer home loans at varying interest rates to home buyers. Interest rate for home loans is decided on the basis of several factors which play a key role in selecting the lending institution. The interest rates further decide the EMI amount and in turn the affordability of the same for the applicant. Though, some of the factors that decide interest rates are fixed but some are variable that may change the interest rate for home loan and the EMI amount.

Key factors that impact the home loan interest rates

Here are five factors that can affect the home loan interest rate. Keep a tab on these to ensure repayment is as affordable as possible

Loan tenure

Repayment time of home loans also affect the rate of interest and EMI amount. For instance, home loan for shorter tenure is offered at lower rate of interest, even if the monthly installment is higher, compared to the longer tenure. Applicants may choose repayment duration on the basis of their financial capacity and convenience.      

Credit score

A credit score is one of the prominent factors that are considered for disbursing the home loan and applicable interest rate. Home buyers’ credit score is a record of the applicant’s past repayment schedule, creditworthiness and financial discipline. A lower credit score attracts a higher rate of interest and vice versa. A credit score between ‘700’ to ‘800’ is considered good, and individuals with a credit score range closer to 800 get the best deal on home loan interest rate.

Repo rate 

RBI releases repo rate for banks on regular basis that serves as a benchmark for applicable interest rates on lending. The central bank also allows different banks to offer varying home loan interest rates to their customers. A bank may offer different interest rates for home loan to different customers depending on other factors such as credit score, loan duration, salary, down payment, interest type etc.

Home buyer’s job profile

Individuals with consistent job profile or steady income come under low-risk category compared to those who have inconsistent job and income profile. Low-risk home buyers are offered lower rate of interest for home loans, while high-risk category get a higher rate of interest. Individuals who fall under low risk category include government and PSU employees, charted accountants, doctors, salaried professional or people working in reputed private sectors companies.  

Loan-to-value ratio 

Loan-to-Value (LTV) ratio refers to the percentage amount of the total property value that can be financed through home loan. If the LTV is higher, then the interest rate will be higher as higher disbursal of loan amount is considered risky. If a buyer pays higher amount of down payment then both disbursal amount and subsequent interest rate on home loan will be lower.  

Type of interest

Banks offer different types of interest rates for home loans and home buyers can select from floating, fixed and mixed interest rate options to suit their needs. The fixed interest rate doesn’t change throughout the tenure while floating interest rate varies with changes in repo rate released by the RBI. The mixed interest rate remains fixed for a limited period and then converted to floating interest rate.      

Location of the property

The location of the property also impacts the rate of interest offered on home loans by the banks. A property located in an urban location attracts lower home loan interest rates while a project in remote or isolated areas is offered with higher interest rates.

Interest calculation on a home loan is a mix of multiple factors mentioned above. Lending institutions or the bank’s preference for a range of these factors may vary, depending on several aspects. Though each bank offers a clear policy guideline on interest rate calculation and disbursal of the sought amount, but home buyers can always be well informed in advance about their creditworthiness and choice of interest rates as well as the lending institution to avail best rates on home loan.      

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